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Polyps and vocal cord tumors


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Vocal medicine is the branch of otorhinology that deals with the diaseases of the voice and the larynx. Speech is one of the most basic human characteristics as it is the basic means to communicate. In order to create speech, it is at first place necessary to produce voice, meaning a sound in the larynx area and secondly with the help/collaboration of ather organs speech is finally being produced. Voice is being produced by vocal cords. Τhe first symptom that a patient can notice is the change of the tinge of his voice (hoarseness), there can also appear problebs/trouble in breathing or swallowing.

Vocal cord diseases surgically treated

  • Vocal cord polyps
  • Vocal cord nodes and nodules
  • Hoarseness (intense or chronic)
  • Reinke Oedema
  • Vocal cords Disfunction
  • Laryngeal tumours (benign or malignant)
  • Foreign body aspiration or swallowing

The operation

Microlaryngoscopy with the use of microscopes. Removal of the diseased tissue and sending for histological examination. The operation is being done with conventional equipment or Laser. There is no visible scar of the incision


  1. Placement of the surgical microscope and the laryngoscope so there is clear sight of the larynx and the patient’s anatomical structures
  2. Removal of the pathologic tissue by conventional surgical sets or the use of Laser
  3. Further examination of the larynx area in order to detect damages not found before the operation
  4. Sending tissue parts for histological examination)



Duration of surgery

20’ to 1 hour

Stay in the clinic

Discharge 6 hours after the surgery


The excision is sure and can be ascertained by the patient who can watch the operated area on a video the day after the operation

Combination with other operations

Because of the fact that it is a slight operation for an organism it could be combined with Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (snoring and sleep apnea), septoplasty (nasal septum deviation) or nasal concha cauterisation (concha hypertrophy)

Instructions after surgery

  • Immediate mobilization of the patient after the surgery
  • Total voice rest for 2 days and this means not using your voice at all (complete silence). During this time, it is very important for you to do no talking, mouthing words, whispering, or any of the other activities like coughing, whispering, whistling, humming, singing, laughing, crying, throat-clearing, groaning, holding your breath, yelling, lifting heavy objects. From the 3d day the patient can start speaking again for a specific period of time each day as following:
  • 3d day: 5 min, 4th day: 10 min, 5th day: 15 min, 6th day: 20 min etc
  • Increase of voice volume is allowed only after a month's time
  • No painkillers required
  • No antibiotics required



  • Polyps and tumors Vocalis
  • Polyps and tumors Vocalis
  • Polyps and tumors Vocalis
  • Polyps and tumors Vocalis
  • Polyps and tumors Vocalis
  • Polyps and tumors Vocalis
  • Polyps and tumors Vocalis
  • Polyps and tumors Vocalis
  • Polyps and tumors Vocalis
  • Polyps and tumors Vocalis



Which is the main ailment related with voice disorders?

The main ailment is the change of the tinge of one’s voice, the hoarseness.

What gives each one’s voice this special tinge?

The resonators, namely the mouth, the nose and the paranasal sinuses, as also each one’s special habbits (speech, smoking, use of alcohol etc).

When should I visit a doctor in case of a hoarseness?

Every change of the tinge of the voice lasting more than 3 weeks should be examined by a special Otorhinolaryngologist.

What could cause vocal disorders?

  • Nodes or nodules from excessive or professional use
  • Polyps or cysts from excessive use of smoke or alcohol
  • Inflammations (laryngitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease)
  • Neurological diseases
  • Surgical operation
  • Laryngeal neoplasms

How are these disorders being diagnosed?

By using endoscopy and recording the morphology and the mobility of the larynx using special rigid and flexible endoscopes.

How are these disorders being healed?

By letting one’s voice rest, talking therapy, medication or proper surgery.

How are larynx surgical operations being held?

In the majority of cases through the mouth by the use of microscopes, special tools or laser. Extremely rarely external section is needed.

When does the patient return home?

The patient returns home the same day, there is no pain after the operation and he has to follow doctor’s instructions for a week.

Should the patient be examined after the operation?

Depending on the disease, the patient should be checked in a week’s and then in three weeks’ time, but in case of a malignant tumor he should be checked frequently for about five years.

How could I protect the vocal cords from the diseases mentioned above?

By avoiding tiring the chords, proper way of talking, curing gastroesophageal reflux disease, giving up smoking, logical use of alcohol and by checking up the cords once a year by a special laryngologist.